In the professional billiard sport, heated tables are used in addition to temperature-controlled balls. Heating the cloth and the balls to 25-30°C (depending on the cloth) has the advantage that the cloth tensions perfectly and evenly and the balls therefore roll incredibly easily on impact. Only by heating it becomes possible to play professional billiards.
In the past, the granite plates covered with the billiard cloth (in the case of match billiards approx. 800-900 kg in weight, depending on the thickness) were usually heated with heating wires/heating cables laid in snakes and fixed to a wooden plate.
With this outdated version a hollow space under the stone slabs to be heated is necessary. The air in this cavity must first be heated so that the stone slab heats up again. Since this system is not airtight at the bottom, a part of the heat generated is lost directly, which makes the system very inefficient and causes high heating costs.
As approx. 95% of the "old" billiard tables used throughout Europe are still in use, you will quickly come across modern infrared heating foils when looking for a modern heating solution or an appropriate retrofit option.
Beside the affordable purchase price of the heating films, the material thickness of less than 1mm, a good and robust quality, as well as the heating area which is almost completely covered compared to the heating cable, the heating foils are also predestined for this application because of their high efficiency and therefore low energy consumption.
The heating film is laid out directly on a hard fibre board and fixed with adhesive strips. The required temperature sensor for control/monitoring of the film temperature by means of a thermostat can easily be installed directly in the board. The hard fibre board with the films is placed on the frame of the table, whereupon the stone slab is placed directly. The heating foil is thus placed directly on the stone slab without a hollow space and the heat generated cannot escape downwards through the hard fibre board.
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Customer opinion (Andreas Hofer):
The system has not only proven itself with us, but also in another friendly club, from which we got the tip for the use of the infrared heating film. Their tables equipped with infrared heating film have also been used for numerous championships. This table heating system saves our billiard club in Bruck an der Leitha immense heating costs.
heating film thermostats